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Reading together: This is your brain on literature

October 4, 2012
by Judah L. Ronch, PhD
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Here at UMBC, we just welcomed a new group of about 1,550 freshmen students. We are very committed to making our students’ first year especially stimulating and challenging while building community and inclusion. One of my favorite methods developed by Dr. Diane Lee, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education and Dean of the Undergraduate School and her team, is the New Student Book Experience. Incoming students read a book over the summer that is carefully chosen by a student-faculty committee for its power to illuminate the human condition, stimulate critical thinking, and apply to multiple areas of academic study. The book (this year’s was The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot) is the topic of a discussion during Welcome Week and in classes and seminars throughout the year.

I am sure that many of you have a favorite book that has illuminated and instructed you. Reading literature may have also functioned to hone you social skills without your knowing it. Two studies done Drs. Keith Oatley and Raymond Mar and their colleagues showed that people who frequently read fiction had more ability to understand others, empathize with them and see the world from their perspective. Oatley, quoted in "Your Brain On Fiction" by Annie Murphy Paul in The New York Times (3/17/12), observes that fiction acts as a simulation for the complex social world as computer simulations do in helping people deal with complex problems like flying an airplane or forecasting the weather.

Brain scans demonstrate that when we read, our brains become active as if we were actually experiencing the event or sensation we are reading about. For example, when people read about motion, not only did the language areas of the brain become more active, but their motor cortex, which coordinates the body’s movements, did too. And, the activity was concentrated in one part of the motor cortex when the description was arm-related and another when it was leg-related. A similar finding occurred when reading about sensations; if they related to the sense if smell (words like “lavender,” “cinnamon” or “soap"), the part of the reader’s brain that is devoted to processing smells became activated. Reading about an experience and doing it in real life appear to be the same as far as the brain is concerned.

This lead me to think of a new experience for elders, families and employees of care and service organizations that combines the multiple benefits found in the UMBC New Student Book Experience and the finding from neuroscience I described. And, it’s a low or no cost way to develop peoples’ social skills and keep their brain power engaged, not to mention a great way to share the insights of great authors. I propose that elders, families and employees emulate the UMBC book experience by reading and discussing books together. How low-tech and old fashioned! No computers needed (e-readers excepted). And, the TVs can use the time off.

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Judah Ronch

Dean, Erickson School, University of Maryland Baltimore County

Judah Ronch

http://erickson.umbc.edu/

Judah L. Ronch, PhD, is the dean of and a professor at the Erickson School, University of...